Pangani - An assessment of understanding and knowledge gaps

This report provides information to enhance understanding of water-related ecological and economic systems of the Pangani Basin based on work which was already completed then with a view to identifying gaps and development of Terms of Reference for specialist studies to address the gaps.

The Pangani Basin Flow Assessment (FA) is an initiative of the World Conservation Union (IUCN) and the Pangani Basin Water Office (PBWO) that brings together a core team of Tanzanian specialists in a range of river-related, water-allocation and policy-making disciplines and an international team of flow-assessment specialists from Southern Waters Ecological Research and Consulting and Anchor
Environmental Consultants. Their task is to develop an understanding of the hydrology of the Pangani River Basin, the flow-related nature and functioning of the river system and the links between the river and the social and economic value of the riverís resources. They then have to create scenarios of possible basin management/development pathways into the future for consideration by the water
authorities and other stakeholders.

The project is divided into a series of ten tasks, as follows: Task 1: Hydrology, Task 2: Study area delineation and site selection, Task 3: Health assessment of the river and estuary, Task 4: Baseline socio-economic assessment, Task 5: Synthesis of understanding of the river systems and its economies and identification of major gaps, Task 6: Specialist Studies, Task 7: Creation and evaluation of scenarios, Task 8: Practical application of scenario evaluation by National Core FA Team, Task 9: Final Reporting, Task 10: Awareness raising at the basin and national level.

This report describes activities undertaken in Task 5, the aim of which is to create an awareness of the links between flow, the river ecosystem and its users, and the trade-offs to be made between water development and natural-resource protection. Part of this task includes developing an understanding of the water-related ecological and economic systems of the Pangani Basin based on work completed on the project to date (Tasks 1-4), identification of gaps in this understanding, and development of Terms of Reference for specialist studies to address these gaps.

The main activities related to this task were completed at the PBWO in Moshi, Tanzania, from 6 to 10 November 2006, involving all members of the FA team.

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