Pangani Basin: A Situation Analysis (2nd Edition)

The report describes the Pangani Situation including identifying the resources that occupy the Pangani River Basin (PRB) and the processes and events that affect them, and identifying a series of broad action areas wherein interventions may feasibly be delivered.

The objectives of the first edition of the Pangani Situation Analysis included identifying the resources that occupy the Pangani River Basin (PRB) and the processes and events that affect them, and identifying a series of broad action areas wherein interventions may feasibly be delivered. The final objective was to identify other organisations, interests or institutions with which IUCN may develop partnerships as it seeks to develop the Water and Nature initiative (WANI) initiative in the PRB.

The IUCN Water and Nature Initiative (WANI) is an ongoing collaborative effort to address the world’s water crisis. WANI builds on the Water and Nature Vision and Framework for Action and is a response
to the call for action expressed before, during and after the 2nd World Water Forum in The Hague (March 2000).The goal of WANI is to mainstream the ecosystem approach into river basin policies, planning and management. In selected demonstration site basins around the world, WANI strives to: demonstrate ecosystem management, empower people to participate in sustainable water management, support wise governance of water resources and wetlands, develop and apply economic tools and incentives, improve knowledge to support decision making and learn lessons and raise awareness about wise water use.

Following consultations with stakeholders in the basin and culminating in a workshop hosted by Pangani Basin Water Office (PBWO) and IUCN – The International Union for Conservation of Nature in Moshi, Tanzania from 8-10 May 2002, the Pangani River Basin in Tanzania and Kenya was selected as a WANI demonstration site.

As part of its project development activities for the Pangani River Basin, IUCN commissioned a consultant, Dr. Kim Geheb, to develop a Situation Analysis of this basin. The fieldwork for the Situation Analysis was carried out in November 2002, and involved interviews with a wide variety of stakeholders within the basin.

Additional sources of information included published sources and the proceedings of the abovementioned workshop, entitled, ‘The Pangani River Basin: Options for Integrated Management.’
A first draft of the Situation Analysis was completed in late 2002 and distributed to stakeholders for review and comment. At a workshop hosted by PBWO and IUCN in Moshi in March, 2003, stakeholders
gathered to comment on the Situation Analysis and suggest amendments. Additional comments and contributions have subsequently been received from both the PBWO and the Coastal Development
Authority (CDA - Kenya) at a meeting held in Nairobi in May 2003 between IUCN, PBWO and CDA.

In 2009, a reprint of the Situation Analysis was needed so it was decided to take this opportunity to update some of the information in light of the operation of the Water Resource Management Act in July
2009. It should be noted that mainly information pertaining to the administrative structure, institutional arrangements, water law and policy has been addressed, as well as the impact of the Situation Analysis in developing the Pangani River Basin Management Project, but the remainder of the Situation Analysis has not been changed. Funding for the update and printing of this situation analysis comes from the Global Water Initiative which is supported by the Howard G. Buffett Foundation.

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