Pangani Socioeconomic Assessment

This study forms part of the Pangani River Basin Flow Assessment Initiative. The aims of the socio-economic baseline assessment were: To provide an overview of the basin and its economy, to provide a description of the livelihoods of people living in proximity to rivers in the basin, and to estimate the contribution that aquatic ecosystem resources make to people’s livelihoods.

This study forms part of the Pangani River Basin Flow Assessment Initiative, which aims to develop an understanding of the hydrology of the Pangani River Basin, the nature and functioning of the river system and the links between the river and subsistence use of its resources, in order to provide the means to guide the allocation of water in the basin in future.

The aims of the socio-economic baseline assessment were:
• To provide an overview of the basin and its economy
• To provide a description of the livelihoods of people living in proximity to rivers in the basin, and
• To estimate the contribution that aquatic ecosystem resources make to people’s livelihoods.

Study area and zonation
The Pangani River Basin is situated in the north-east of Tanzania and covers a totalarea of some 43 650 km2, about 3 900 km2 of which is in Kenya. Note that the area under the Pangani Basin Water Office (PBWO) jurisdiction is referred to as the Pangani Basin and also incorporates the Umba, Zigi-Mkulumuzi Coastal and Msangazi river catchments.

The Pangani River Basin is bordered by Mt Kilimanjaro (5895 masl), Mt Meru (4565 masl) and the Pare and Usambara Mountains to the north and north-east, respectively, and encompasses the Simanjiro and Kitwei plains to the south-west. Lowlands (up to 900 masl) make up about 50% of the basin.

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